Natural hymatomelanic deprotonated humic biopolymers of the direct action, which have undergone the treatment under supercritical conditions, act as regulators of the mass transfer process in soil systems, enhance the mobilization of nutrients from soil layers, immobilize heavy metals, radioactive elements and other chemical eco-toxicants. The radiation protection, i.e. protection from the phyto-toxic effect of herbicides and pesticides in the soil, is provided.
The capillary and field moisture capacity of light soils and the water permeability of heavy soils significantly increase, the structure of the soil and its water stability improve as well as the soil density decreases. The soil phosphorus acquires mobility.
The composition of all AGRORISE products contains biomoses and tholins.
Biomoses are natural complexes of microelements and amino acid residues, as well as biologically active metal-containing substances obtained from the lake high-mineralized silt.
Tholins are a component of the food chain of nitrogen-fixing bacteria. They represent a concentrate of modified microorganisms capable to secrete enzymes that transform carbon into forms available for feeding nitrogen fixers, ammonifiers and nitrifiers.
Consequently, the nitrogen fixation processes in the soil are enhanced, which contributes to the increase in total and protein nitrogen and availability of organic nitrogen for plants as well as increase in the mobility of the soil phosphorus. Simultaneously, tholins act as the effective protector of ultraviolet radiation.
Also, bacterial protoflora (cellulosolytics) with the high proteolytic activity (“Acidobacteria”) is developed in the preparation, which allows making the biodegradation of plant residues as well as absorbed hydrocarbons to products of the deep decomposition on the contaminated territory. In addition, the developed protoflora has the pronounced antagonist properties against pathogenic microorganisms.
Simultaneously with the increase in the number of microorganisms, the enzymatic activity of the soil is also strengthened, which, in its turn, increases the mobility of other nutrients in the soil.
Chelation of the wide and high-concentrated complex of microelements possessing the superior bioavailability cannot be achieved without the use of several chelating compounds.
The complex of the biologically active protection of the agro-environment and the soil recultivation contains the expanded, with the maximum possible content, and competently chelated microelement base that is fully prepared and available for feeding the soil microflora.
In addition to chelated microelements, one uses salts of natural organic acids and the wide amino acid set increasing the resistance of plants to stresses.
Superfluidity of soil water in the capillary system of plants
As it is known, the property to form double electrical layers at the phase boundary is inherent in the surface of cellular formations and biological capillary systems. The ability of the surface of the porous body capillaries to form diffuse double electrical layers is an indispensable condition for the transition of dilute aqueous solutions to the state of superfluidity.
Superfluidity is in demand of biological organisms, in whose protein structures, membranes and nucleotides, electrical processes constitute an indispensable element of vital activities. Superfluidity reduces energy costs for the delivery of nutrient medium through capillaries of their transport systems.
The technical result is the regulation of the sugar content in the cell fluid as well as the improvement of cryoprotectant and adaptogenic properties.
Plants that have a complicated analogue of the nervous system, just like animals, are able to make decisions, store memories and communicate. Plants react to light, heat, gravity, salt composition of the soil, magnetic field, various pathogens, and they flexibly change their behavior under the influence of the information received.
The maximum rate of the action potential spread in plants is comparable to the same indicators of animals.
External excitations of the different nature generate in plants action potentials, which can differ in amplitude, speed and duration.
Plants have the almost complete analogue of the neuron — the phloem conductive tissue. The same neurotransmitters as in animals work. And there are both chemical and electrical synapses.
From the standpoint of the signal transmission using chemical channels, the components of the preparation, possessing the high polyfunctional physiological activity and acting as a stressor, prevent changes in the fatty acid composition of membranes under the drought conditions. Cell membranes are one of the main places, where the cell damage occurs in case of the water deficiency. The water deficiency modifies cell membranes affecting their functions and the cell metabolism. In the conditions of the water deficiency, the functional activity of both chloroplasts and mitochondria decreases. The water deficiency reduces the ratio of unsaturated fatty acids against saturated ones. The change in the fatty acid composition reflects upon the energy of mitochondria: rates of the oxidation of NAD-dependent substrates, the speed of electron transport at the respiratory chain terminal area and efficiency of the oxidative phosphorylation fall.
The prevention of changes in the fatty acid composition of mitochondrial membranes being under conditions of the insufficient moistening is performed by modifying the lipid composition of membranes. The transmission of information through signal systems of cells, using receptors on membranes, enhances the action of the signal molecule up to 1000 times, causing the adequate cellular response. Signal systems monitor the dynamics of realizing the cellular response to stress. The dynamics of the cellular response includes the interaction of different signal systems affecting the protein phosphorylation value, aimed at the survival of the organism and /or optimization of its metabolism conditioned by the activation of energy processes, in particular, respiration and photosynthesis.
The complex can be equipped with an additional distributed system of quantum dots, having the bearing informative base available for the interaction with the electrical system of the plant synapses. Based on the complex study and analysis of electrophysiological signals, a system for the instant diagnostics of various diseases and needs of agricultural plants will be created in the future.